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            [圖文]不一樣的學單詞--英國英語單詞&文化(1)         ★★★ 【字體:
             

            不一樣的學單詞--英國英語單詞&文化(1)

            作者:learning…    文章來源:learning English Words    點擊數:    更新時間:2009-3-1     


            Wild Animals in Britain

            In Britain, we have a lot of wild animals, birds, fish, insects and mammals - you can find a few of the most common ones here.
             Picture
            Generic Name
            Male
            Female
            Young
            Group Name
            Other Information
            Mammals
                       
            badger
            Badger(s)

            Boar

            Sow Cub or Kit Colony (An old English name for a badger is a brock) They live in a set.
            bat
            Bat(s)
            Male Female Pup Colony Bats are a protected species in the UK.
            deer
            Deer (Deer)
            Stag Doe Fawn Herd  
            fox
            Fox(es)
            Dog-fox / Reynard She-fox / Vixen Cub Skulk Foxes live in an earth.
            hare
            Hare(s)
            Jack Jill Leveret Down Hares live in forms.
            hedgehog
            Hedgehog(s)
            Boar Sow Piglet Prickle  
            mole
            Mole(s)
            Male Female Pup Labour Moles live in holes.
            mouse
            Mouse (Mice)
            Buck Doe Pup Nest  
            otter
            Otter(s)
            Dog Bitch Kitten Family Otters live in dens.
            rabbit
            Rabbit(s)
            Buck Doe Kit / Bunny Colony Rabbits live in warrens.
            rat
            Rat(s)
            Buck Doe Kitten / Pup Nest Rats often live in sewers.
            squirrel
            Squirrel(s)
            Buck Doe Pup Dray There are two kinds of squirrel in the UK. The common grey squirrel and the rarer red squirrel. Only the red squirrel is a native.
            stoat
            Stoat(s)
            Jack Jill Kit Pack  
            weasel
            Weasel(s)
            Jack Jill Kit Sneak  
            Birds
              Cock Hen Nestling / Hatchling/
            Fledgling
              Most birds live in nests.
            Crow
            Crow(s)
            Male Female Young Murder  
            dove
            Dove(s)
            Cock Hen Squab Cote  
            duck
            Duck(s)
            Drake Hen Duckling Flock  
            goose
            Goose (Geese)
            Gander Goose Gosling If a group of geese is flying, it becomes a "skein". If they are on land or water, they're a "gaggle".
            hawk
            Hawk(s)
            Hen Tiercel Eyas Aerie  
            heron
            Heron(s)
                  Hedge  
            kingfisher
            Kingfisher(s)
                     
            owl
            Owl(s)
            Owl Jenny Owlet Parliament  
            peacock
            Peafowl
            Peacock Peahen Peachick Pride  
            pheasant
            Pheasant(s)
            Cock Hen Chick Brood  
            pigeon
            Pigeon(s)
            Cock Hen Squab Flight  
            robin
            Robin(s)
            Cock
            Hen
            Chick
               
            rook
            Rook(s)
            Cock
            Hen
            Chick
            Building  
            sparrow
            Sparrow(s)
            Cock
            Hen
            Chick
            Flock  
            starling
            Starling(s)
            Cock
            Hen
            Chick
            Flock  
            swan
            Swan(s)
            Cob Pen Signet Bevy  
            Insects
            An invertebrate whose body is comprised of three segments and six legs.
                     
            ant
            Ant(s)
            Prince / Drone
            Queen / Princess / Worker
            Antling
            Ants have a strange matriarchal set up. The Queen spends her life laying eggs, there is only one queen per colony. Worker ants are non-reproducing female worker ants, the daughters of the queen. Soldier ants are sterile females who defend the colony. The male ants are small ants that have wings. They fly from the colony to mate with a queen.
            bee
            Bee(s)
            Drone
            Queen / Worker
            Larva
            Hive

            There are three types of honey bee. The Queen who lays the eggs. The workers are females who gather food, make honey, build the six-sided honeycomb, tend eggs, and guard the hive. And the drones are males who mate with the queen.

            butterfly
            Butterfly (Butterflies)
            Male Female Caterpillar / Chrysalis Swarm  
            dragonfly
            Dragonfly (Dragonflies)
            Male Female Nymphs / Naiads Swarm  
            fly
            Fly (Flies)
            Male Female Maggot Swarm  
            moth
            Moth(s)
            Male Female Caterpillar / Chrysalis Swarm  
            spider
            Spider(s)
            Male Female Spiderling Cluster Spiders live on a web. Thankfully the UK is devoid of very poisonous spiders.
            Fish
            Cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills          
            pike
            Pike
            - - Fry -  
            salmon
            Salmon
            Jack Hen Fry Run  
            trout
            Trout
            Jack Hen Fry Hover  
            Amphibians
            A class of animals that spend part of their time on land and part in the water; they are an intermediate form between fishes and reptiles.          
            frog
            Frog(s)
            Male Female Tadpole(s) Army The eggs of a frog are called spawn. Tadpoles metamorphose into frogs.
            newt
            Newt(s)
            Male Female Larvae    
            toad
            Toad(s)
            Male Female Tadpole(s) Knot The eggs of a frog are called spawn. Tadpoles metamorphose into toads.
            Reptiles
            Cold-blooded vertebrate that lays eggs and has scales or plates on its skin          
            snake
            Snake(s)
            Male Female Young Nest There is only one poisonous snake in the UK; the adder.
            Crustaceans
            A class of invertebrates that have a segmented body, a hard external skeleton (exoskeleton), two sets of antennae and one pair of legs per body segment.          
            crab
            Crab(s)
            Male Female Zoea    
            lobster
            Lobster(s)
            Male Female Zoea    
            Molluscs
                       
            clam
            Clam(s)
            Male Female Spat Bed  
            Cockle
            Cockle(s)
            -
            -
            -
            Bed
            Cockles are hermaphroditic, possessing both male and female sex organs during its life
            mussel
            Mussel(s)
            Male Female Glochidia Bed  
            oyster
            Oyster(s)
            Male Female Spat Bed  
            snail
            Snail(s)
            Male Female Baby Rout Snails are not often eaten in the UK.

            Animals on the Farm

            Animals that live on a farm are called farm animals.
             
            Generic Name
            Male
            Female
            Young
            Group Name
            Other Information
            Mammals
                       
            cattle
            Cattle
            Bull Cow Calf Herd / Kine Mostly farmed for milk and meat (called beef).
            deer
            Deer (Deer)
            Stag Doe Fawn Herd Deer are farmed for their meat on special deer farms in the UK.
            dog
            Dog(s)
            Dog Bitch Puppy Pack (a group of puppies is called a litter) Mostly farmed for work, protection and herding. Dog is not eaten in the UK.
            donkey
            Donkey
            Jack Jenny Colt Drove Mostlly raised for pleasure. Donkey meat is not eaten in the UK.
            goat
            Goat(s)

            Billy

            Nanny Kid Flock Mostly farmed for milk and cheese. Not many people eat goat meat in the UK.
            horse
            Horse(s)
            Stallion Mare Foal Herd Mostly farmed for work, leisure or sport (riding etc). Not many people in the UK would knowingly eat horse meat, although there is a trade for pet meat.
            pig
            Pig(s)
            Boar Sow Piglet Litter Mostly farmed for its meat (called pork).
            sheep
            Sheep
            Ram Sheep Lamb Flock Mostly farmed for wool and meat (called lamb).
            Birds
                       
            chicken
            Chicken(s)
            Cockerel Hen Chick Brood Farmed for its meat and eggs. A farm that only raises birds is a poultry farm.
            duck
            Duck(s)
            Drake Hen Duckling Brace A wild fowl and a farmed bird. Mostly farmed for its meat.
            goose
            Goose (Geese)
            Gander Goose Gosling Gaggle A wild fowl and a farmed bird. Mostly farmed for its meat.
            Insects

                     
            bee
            Bee(s)
            Drone
            Queen / Worker
            Larva
            Swarm

            Bees are farmed for their honey. A bee farm is often called an apiary. Someone who keeps bees is usually called a beekeeper.

            Fish
                       
            salmon
            Salmon
            Jack Hen Fry Shoal Yes, salmon is farmed in the UK.
            trout
            Trout
            Jack Hen Fry Shoal Yes, there are trout farms in the UK too.

             

            Animals in the House

            Animals that live in a house as companions are called pets.
             
            Generic Name
            Male
            Female
            Young
            Group Name
            Other Information
            Mammals
                       
            cat
            Cat(s)
            Tom Queen Kitten Clutter (a group of kittens is called a litter)  
            dog
            Dog(s)
            Dog Bitch Puppy Pack There are between 6.5 million and 7.4 million pet dogs in the UK.
            ferret
            Ferret(s)
            Dog Bitch Kit Cast Domestic pet ferrets, Mustela furo (sometimes called Mustela putorius furo), are not wild animals.
            gerbil
            Gerbil(s)
            Male Female Pup Horde  
            guinea pig
            Guinea Pig(s)
            Boar Sow Pup

            Group

             
            hamster
            Hamster(s)
            Male Female Pup Horde I had several hamsters as pets when I was a child.
            rabbit
            Rabbit(s)
            Buck Doe Kit / Bunny Colony Rabbits live in warrens.
            rat
            Rat(s)
            Buck Doe Kitten / Pup Nest Seemingly rats make very good pets.
            Birds
                       
            budgie
            Budgerigar(s)
            Hen Cock Chick Flock

            They come in a variety of colours including blue. One of the most common pets in the UK.

            aka Budgie

            canary
            Canary (Canaries)
            Hen Cock Chick Flock  
            cockatiel
            Cockatiel(s)
            Hen Cock Chick Flock  
            cockatoo
            Cockatoo(s)
            Hen Cock Chick Flock  
            parrot
            Parrot(s)
            Hen Cock Chick Flock  
            Insects

                     
            spider
            Spider(s)
            Male
            Female
            Spiderling
            Cluster

            Yes, people in the UK keep spiders as pets.

            Fish
                       
            goldfish
            Goldfish
            Male
            Female
            Fry
            Shoal
            Probably the most common pet in the UK.
            Reptiles
                       
            goldfish
            Snake(s)
            Male
            Female
            Baby
            Nest
            Yes, people in the UK keep snakes as pets too.

             

            Animal Sounds

            Animals make distinct sounds, some of these sounds have their own word. Do you need to learn these? Probably not.
            Bees buzz.
            Cats go miaow. They purr when they're happy.
            Cockerels go cock-a-doodle-doo.
            Cows go moo.
            Dogs bark or go woof woof. They growl when they're angry.
            Ducks quack.
            Flies buzz.
            Frogs croak or go ribbit.
            Geese honk.
            Goats bleat.
            Hens cluck.
            Horses neigh.
            Mice squeak.
            Pigs oink or grunt or squeal.
            Sheep bleat or go baa.
            Snakes hiss.
            Toads croak.
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            文章錄入:willgonow    責任編輯:51education 

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