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              [組圖]威爾士擬“假定同意”器官捐獻政策         ★★★ 【字體:

            威爾士擬“假定同意”器官捐獻政策

            作者:soosun    新聞來源:本站原創    點擊數:    更新時間:2012-12-26    

             

            生前沒有簽訂器官捐獻志愿書,但也沒有表明不愿意?那么在你身故后,你遺體內的器官就可以被醫院拿去移植給需要的病人,而不需要征得你家屬的同意。這就是威爾士政府近日提出的器官捐贈“假定同意”政策草案。草案規定,凡年滿18歲且居住在威爾士境內的居民均需明確表示是否愿意捐獻器官,如果未表態,政府就會“假定”該居民同意在身故后捐獻遺體。如果參眾議院一致通過,該政策將于2015年正式實施。威爾士各部官員表示,該政策出臺是為了挽救更多的生命;而反對者則認為,未表示反對不一定就代表同意,政府這樣的做法缺乏誠信,也是對逝者的不敬。

            威爾士擬“假定同意”器官捐獻政策

            威爾士擬“假定同意”器官捐獻政策

            The Welsh Government wants to introduce a system of organ donation called ‘presumed consent’, in which it is presumed individuals are happy to become donors in death, unless they opt out or family members strenuously object.

            People in Wales could soon have their organs removed after death, even if they never expressly signed up to be donors when they were alive.

            The Welsh Government wants to introduce a system of organ donation called ‘presumed consent’, in which it is presumed individuals are happy to become donors in death, unless they opt out or family members strenuously object.

            It has published a draft bill today setting out the legal framework. If approved, Wales will become the first part of the UK to instigate the controversial system, in 2015.

            Ministers in Cardiff say the move would save lives, but opponents say it is deceitful to pretend lack of objection amounts to consent.

            When prime minister, Gordon Brown threw his weight behind presumed consent, saying that he believed it would save many lives every year. However, a review by minister concluded the current opt-in system should stay.

            That has not stopped the Welsh Government from pressing ahead with plans for what it is calling a “soft opt-out” system.

            Under this, people living in Wales will be asked to either formally opt in to becoming an organ donor, or opt out.

            Those over 18 who have failed to do either will be assumed to have made a positive decision to become organ donors in death.

            Express permission from family members to take organs after death will no longer be needed.

            Lesley Griffiths, the Welsh Government’s Health Minister, said: “We are seeking a change in the law to increase the number of organ and tissue donors and to save lives.

            “One donor can improve or save the lives of up to nine other people by donating their organs and many more through the donation of their tissues.

            “Wales has seen a 49 per cent increase in donation rates since 2008, which is a huge achievement to be proud of.

            However, there is still a shortage of organs for transplant. In 2011/12, sadly, 37 people in Wales died while waiting for an organ.

            “I believe the time has come to introduce a change in the law, together with an extensive communication and education programme encouraging people to make a decision and to ensure their families know their wishes.”

            But Joyce Robins, of the group Patient Concern, said the law change “would allow taking organs without consent”, and to pretend otherwise was “dishonest and disrespectful”.

            She said: "Giving organs to strangers voluntarily is as generous as it gets. The proposed law would allow taking organs without consent.

            “Everyone knows the absence of refusal is not consent. Pretending that it can be is dishonest and disrespectful. Provision of a right to opt-out is a smokescreen.

            “Assurance that every citizen would hear of the new law, understand it, realise its implications, grasp how to opt-out and get around to doing so –it they wish – is pure fantasy.

            “Inevitably organs would be taken from patients against their wishes. That is the object of this phony re-definition of consent.”

            A spokesman for the Welsh Government said: “It is important to stress the issue of donation will be approached sensitively and as now, families will still be involved in the process, which cannot go ahead without their assistance.”

            He added: “Deemed consent will not apply to everyone - there will be safeguards for children, people who lack capacity and people who do not live in Wales.”

            新聞錄入:soosun    責任編輯:51education 


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